> Korean Food Culture > 4 Ceremonial Occasions
and Food > Hon-Rye
As soon as wedding ceremony is finished, bride makes introductory
bows to groom's family, which procedure is called 'Pye-Baek.'
Pyebaek courtesy is one of the traditional customs that
last till now, showing its significance. Hence it
is desirable to know the correct procedure and observe it.
Food prepared for Pyebaek
includes jujube fruits (to be used by groom's father)
and jerked beef (by mother).
Jujube fruits are wrapped
in red cloth and laid on right side (before groom's
father), while jerked beef is wrapped in blue cloth
and laid on left side (before mother).
Upon receiving bride's
bow, groom's father throws jujube fruits to bride, saying
good wishes of bearing first son.
Nowadays we often see
that groom' mother or relative throws jujube fruit,
which is not right. Only groom's father is supposed
to throw the fruits.
Groom's mother strokes
jerked beef, telling bride good wishes and advising on
serving parents-in-law, keeping harmony with relatives,
bringing up children, etc.
Stroking jerked beef has the meaning of protection
and affection towards bride.
In the old days, grooms' father gave bride a guidebook
or hanging scroll of moral instruction, and mother
gave her jewelry such as rings (that had been inherited
over generations in the family). It is often
seen nowadays that groom's parents or relatives give
money in response to bride's bow, which is a misled
Bride is expected to make
a big bow four times during Pye-Baek procedure.
The first who will receive
bride's bow are groom's parents, and then grandparents,
followed by uncle, aunt, father's sister, elder brother
and other relatives according to degree of kinship.
For relatives under the level of elder brother, mutual
bowing shall be made.
Provision of presents
Jerked beef, jujube fruits, sake (in calabash), wine cup
and stand, folding screen, ceremonial table and cover (blue
and red color), mat with flower patterns, side table and
Formal introduction to groom's family
* Bride shall make a big bow four times as Pyebaek formality.
* Groom's parents are seated in front of folding screen.
* Bride in traditional costume stands ahead, supported by
helper on both sides.